Pushp Sharma’s ordeal continues

Dear friends,

My next expose’ From London

Please wait for my expose’ ….

 I m Self-exiled Indian writer / Investigative journalist living in London since 2018. The reason is that I was facing regular threats and torture because of my journalistic work done against the current regime.

All I want you to just have a look to the facts dispassionately. I don’t belong to the tribe of heroes, crusaders or martyrs; I belong to the unwanted tribe of journalists who get punished for doing their job.  Journalists in such situation feel isolated and it’s hard to see how to challenge this when no one is there to protect.

Latest development –

May 2018-

In May 2018 I had conducted media investigation in which a digital wallet company, based out of NOIDA had claimed illegally sharing users’ data with PMO (Prime Minister Office) and it was caught on camera. All details are in public domain which can be cross checked independently.

Shooting the messenger –

2018 –

PMO was exposed in illegal data-sharing that’s why I was consistently followed, harassed and tortured by IB (Intelligence Bureau) officials on 26 June (2018) , 9 October (2018), 19 October (2018) and 25 November (2018) and all this happened on the name of formal questioning. I was given threat to leave country or face death so I had no other option left except to leave the country.

Conspiracy to win upcoming general election of 2019 illegally

‘Illegal data-sharing of millions of users’ is part of larger conspiracy connecting to ‘illegal electoral intervention’ (a foreign hand) or in brief a meddling in the upcoming general election in India (due to be held in India between April and May 2019 to constitute the 17th Lok Sabha). Since the conspiracy is going to help current regime to retain power that’s why PMO doesn’t want issue (illegal data-sharing) to be investigated further.

Facts –

I m keeping facts in public domain that ‘illegal data control and illegal data-sharing’ is part of international conspiracy in brief ‘ election sabotage’.

China backed Indian startup is involved in this conspiracy as vice president of Indian startup mentioned a specific name Mr Khulbe (PMO official). The company (Indian startup) in question is a fraud, orchestrated for political purposes.

Neighboring country is using Indian partner as front face for commercial espionage and in return, ‘plenty of evidence’ of Chinese plans of meddling in upcoming Indian elections to please current political regime.

Background –

Alibaba is an investor in this Indian startup. Since the early days, Alibaba, has been supported by the Chinese government which used Alibaba’s Taobao and Tmall sites to do billions of dollars of transactions between various government agencies which allowed Alibaba to post eye-popping revenues and growth in the early days.

The Chinese government still conducts a lot of trade between its various agencies using Alibaba platforms so as to ensure the continued scorching growth rates that Alibaba has been able to post year in and year out.

With China’s murky and archaic ownership structure laws and the fact that the government of China and/or the China Communist Party has huge control over almost single thing in the Chinese economy, companies and even society, means that Alibaba is the “golden child” at the moment. In almost every single line of its various businesses, Alibaba is by and large protected by the government from foreign competitors. So  Alibaba have embarked on a huge buying spree, snapping up real-world companies at a mind boggling pace before its once bread and butter business (auction) fades away slowly,  after Alibaba has “legitimized” through its massive shopping spree acquisitions, strategic partnerships, stakes and joint ventures. The Communist Party of China has thus succeeded in building a publicly traded global brand name although it’s been done under the usual cloak and dagger secrecy.

To mitigate post election allegations, the blame for election interference will be thrown upon the criminals. It is Chinese manoeuvres with Chinese characteristics and current regime is just looking for political gain that’s why PMO didn’t order any investigation into illegal data-sharing with PMO. Much more is at stake unless Indian government gets wise to the protectionism that is rampant in China. It’s national shame that PMO (in India) is operating as organizational set up of party politics not as an institution.

In addition, pressure has to be applied to force the Chinese authorities and companies to follow transparent Indian trade rules first only then the Chinese companies should be allowed to operate on our shores.

Other reasons –

September 2013 – Operation Vakaltnama (Already in public domain)

The story exposed senior BJP leaders (Current PM Narender Modi , BJP President Amit Shah ,current HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar , upper house BJP MP Bhupender Yadav, secretary organisation Mr Ram Lal Ji etc) conspiring to help Amit Shah (BJP President – the party currently running the government ) evade the noose in the Tulsi Ram Prajapati fake encounter case by getting Narmada Bai, Tulsi Ram’s mother, sign on blank vakalatnamas.

All leaders were facing CBI case, based on sting tapes. This entire case was built on my sting videos which I handed over to CBI on their demand. It’s well known fact that CBI can’t go against its own political bosses. CBI court has already discharged the high profile faces involved in this. Undoubtedly it’s just an example of banana republic.

2016 – Ayush Ministry expose’

18 March 2016: The Ayush Ministry went hammer and tongs after me when the RTI story was published by filing a false case against me. The IO alleged in the court that the laptop used to create forged documents for the story by the accused, that is me, was confiscated from me. However, this claim fell flat when an FSL report stated that “no such document” was retrieved from the laptop. The case is still pending.

A Travel restriction was imposed on me by Delhi police. Police issued notice to me not to leave Delhi/India without informing them. I was arrested on 13 May. During Travel ban, for close to two months IB (Intelligence Bureau) was used to scare me.

IB officers made my life hell in these two months. Threats, continuous surveillance and calls from ‘no numbers visible on screen’ tactics was used to scare me with suggestions, not to do any hard hitting story against current PM or BJP President Mr Narender Modi. I stopped going outside. My servant was my only help to get outside work done. I locked myself in my Delhi home to avoid any possible eventuality.

Please read the link below to know how Delhi police cooked up a story (against Journalist Pushp Sharma) and finally , smart Delhi Police (under Home Ministry) got caught red handed.


As it often happens, when your stories hurt certain interests, or powerful individuals, it is you who are hounded or witch-hunted by the establishment. I am no exception to this phenomenon. The media is in the worst state India has ever seen.

Weight of legal cases and threats leave India’s journalists feeling exposed and alone. Threats of different shape and size (political pressure, self-censorship, defamation suits, and attacks) , end of the day journalism becomes a solitary battle. Journalists are constantly facing harassment, threats of legal action, imprisonment, or even been killed in retaliation for their reporting.

But the current level of harassment and intimidation is unprecedented. The current state is “an undeclared emergency” in an effort to consolidate power. Safety, security and independence are moot questions for every journalist including me. A normal journalistic work–telling the truth–has become abnormal and life-threatening.

Any investigative work on the criminality of politicians or data that busts government claims is unacceptable [to authorities]. There’s a climate of fear and self-censorship in India. I m 48 years old, a professional journalist but now the situation is like this where I have to continue my fight somewhere from outside India. When the facts are assessed in totality, exposing high and mighty is purely a journalistic work, not motivated by personal gain.

My end goal is objectivity. Objectivity in journalism aims to help the audience make up their own mind about a story, providing the facts alone and then letting audiences interpret those on their own. Journalism is not a crime and cases against journalists, critical to the current regime, are politically motivated and sheer vendetta.

The dangers to journalists in India have been well known. All the murdered journalists had been critical of current political establishment. The cases against me are just shooting the messenger.

I m discussing with my lawyers to move the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN) to take my legal battle ahead and for exercising the right of freedom of speech – a right also belonging to all potential readers, and guaranteed under every international human rights convention.

As I stated above I don’t belong to the tribe of heroes, crusaders or martyrs; I belong to the unwanted tribe of journalists who get punished for doing their job. 

Therefore, let me conclude that I solemnly declare that I will perform my duties as journalist and exercise my powers as human rights activist (irony is, I admit I couldn’t fight for my own human rights) to take this battle further. It’s my firm conviction that media plays a vital role and has huge impact and can’t be allowed to disappear.

If I have said anything which appears to you to be erroneous, I hope you will pardon me. I know you always like people to speak truth. That is what has emboldened me in writing this long letter.

With respectful Pranams,

Pushp Sharma




Dear Friends

Welcome to Operation 136.

This is not an exercise in self-aggrandizement. It is rather a humble effort to reach out to you as a professional journalist and to put to rest all tongues which will undoubtedly wag after Operation 136 is released today.

Well, although I am a technocrat by education and training, yet I can say I am a journalist by choice.

I am an alumnus of N.S. Raghavan Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning, IIM Bangalore, and a senior incubate member of the institution. As a technocrat, I am associated with some of the top ten gaming MNCs and have developed personalized Flight Simulation Nullifier for aviation industry and an Anti-Drowsy Alert Gadget for automobile industry.

Investigative journalism has always been a passion with me, and in the pursuit of this passion I have had the occasion of working with Tehelka and Headlines Today. In the course of my career as a journalist, I have received both encomiums and brickbats in equal measure.

Award I have received.

I have been a recipient of the International Press Institute Award (Vienna) for ‘Excellence in Journalism’ in year 2011 for my story “Rent a Riot” which I had done a year before. Published by Tehelka, the story exposed Pramod Muthalik, the leader of right-wing outfit Sri Ram Sene, ready to vandalize an art exhibition for money.

Other landmarks in my career as an investigative journalist:

2018 – PMO exposed – Prime minister office involved in illegal data sharing

RTI Expose vs Ayush Ministry, March 15 , 2016 (Outlook: “When Pushp Comes To RTI Shove”, 28 March 2016: https://www.outlookindia.com/magazine/story/when-pushp-comes-to-rti-shove/296860). This story documented how the Union Ministry of Ayush has adopted an unconstitutional No-Hiring-of-Muslims policy, embarrassing the Modi government across the world.

Feb 2019 Report – Delhi police forged evidence to create a ground to arrest me and close down the publication.


Operation Vakalatnama, published by Cobrapost, September 2, 2013. The story exposed senior BJP leaders conspiring to help Amit Shah evade the noose in the Tulsi Ram Prajapati fake encounter case by getting Narmada Bai, Tulsi Ram’s mother, sign on blank vakalatnamas.

Outlook: 15 October 2012: If the Pose Holds: An Outlook-IBN investigation showing policemen and others spilling the beans on the shoddy investigation into the disappearance of Swami Shankardev, Baba Ramdev’s guru (https://www.outlookindia.com/magazine/story/if-the-pose-holds/282475 ). Government orders a CBI inquest into the affair (CBI case No. RC 2(S)/2013).

Tehelka, 2010: Rent a Riot: Cash for Chaos (http://www.tehelka.com/2010/05/rent-a-riot-cash-for-chaos/ ). Published by Tehelka, this story exposed Pramod Muthalik ready to vandalize an art exhibition for money.

Shooting the messenger:

As it often happens, when your stories hurt certain interests, or powerful individuals, it is you who are either hounded or witch-hunted both by the establishment and by the media at large. I am no exception to this phenomenon. For instance, the Ayush Ministry went hammer and tongs after me when the RTI story was published by filing a false case against me. The IO alleged in the court that the laptop used to create forged documents for the story by the accused, that is me, was confiscated from me. However, this claim fell flat when an FSL report stated that “no such document” was retrieved from the laptop. The case is still pending.

Similarly, Yoga Guru went berserk when my story on the alleged botching up of the investigation by the police into the disappearance of his guru was published. He launched a well orchestrated vilification campaign against me by holding press conferences. He had to relent when the CBI probe was ordered.

Pramod Muthalik and his followers too went after me by filing cases 27 districts across Karnataka after Rent a Riot was published. However, the Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka has quashed the cases.

Again a false case was filed against me after yet another investigation that I had done on the SHO of Najafgarh Police Station alleging that I had extorted Rs. 10,000 from a constable. However, the sole witness that was produced before the court turned out to be a police informer. The case is still pending for the past 9 years.

Anyway these are hazards of the profession that I made my first choice.

Information may want to be free, but sometimes it needs a little help. Governments and corporations with dirty laundry should be afraid, very afraid.

Pushp Sharma

Indian Investigative Journalist


Even if the Kashmir issue is resolved…

Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan’s former military ruler, is on record saying that even if the Kashmir issue is resolved, India-Pakistan relations will not improve. Musharraf was telling the unvarnished truth.

The Pakistani motivation — at least of some Pakistanis — is Gazwa e Hind, conquest of India, and not just ‘liberation’ of Kashmir.

Terrorist infiltration attempts in Kashmir and the Pakistan army’s firing at the ceasefire line in rhe Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir has been going on while the world fights a grim battle of survival against a virus.

Many well-meaning Indians have attributed Pakistani enmity towards India to the Kashmir issue.

These Indians will do well to ponder over the fact that when Lashkar e Tayiba terrorists bombed suburban trains in Mumbai on July 11, 2006 or launched an attack in Mumbai on November 26, 2008, there was no proximate reason linked to Kashmir.

The LeT is a virtual arm of the Pakistani military. Many conservative elements in Pakistan believe it is their religious duty to work for Gazwa e Hind.

In the light of this persistent motivation, it is not unlikely that elements like the LeT may see the fight against the coronavirus as an opportunity of a lifetime.

India has no option, but to be ready to face the threat.

Like suicide bombers, we may see suicide virus spreaders.

Let us not forget that al-Qaeda had similar plans via a Pakistani origin scientist based in the United States. Thanks to timely American action, she is now locked up for 99 years in prison.

India has to be ready and alert to thwart such designs.

With the abrogation of Article 370 and the government’s firm grip over Kashmir, the LeT and such terror entities are desperate for action.

While the country fights the coronavirus, the armed forces have to be ready to face this additional threat.

Business in light of the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic.

The COVID-19 (coronavirus) crisis will usher in permanent changes to business.

After the 2008 financial crash, which provoked an economic crisis, the way companies were organised – paying large dividends to shareholders while loading up debt on their balance sheets – meant there had to be huge bailouts by the state to keep organisations running. Now in 2020, in the midst of a health and economic crisis, the same scenario is being repeated. 

The speed at which companies have discovered they need help is hugely concerning. During the 2008 crash, there was a strong feeling that capitalism and in particular the shareholder primacy model needed to be reformed, or maybe even overhauled. The coronavirus pandemic has prompted similar thoughts. Leaders of businesses have long been urged to adopt greater long-term perspectives and to develop greater resilience in their firms by having greater reserves in the organisation to offset risk and to increase focus on all stakeholders, not least their employees. The aftermath of the coronavirus suggests that this leadership approach is no longer optional.

  1. Working from home is here to stay for many people, so firms need new policies such as ensuring that promotion decisions reflect this new reality.
    The connectedness we can now experience makes self-isolation and continuing to work a real possibility. Some are calling it the “world’s biggest work-from-home experiment”. For some, after the crisis has abated, their work-life will not go back to normal. They will forego the daily commute, not worry about the lack of socialising with colleagues and adapt to a new life. Companies too will increasingly accept this, and maybe even welcome it. Managers will need to ensure their culture supports the shift to employees working increasingly from home – not only providing the technology to do so, but also embracing flexibility in hours and ensuring that decisions about performance and promotion are not biased against those who work from home. Also, working from home can increase isolation, so managers have to ensure that employees stay connected, through video chats, virtual coffee breaks and regular online meetings, and perhaps dedicated channels in the communication platform.
  1. The value of key workers has been recognised in this crisis, and policymakers now need to reflect this through legislation to better protect them.
    It has taken this crisis to highlight just who the key workers are – some were obvious, such as medical workers, the police, fire and ambulance services, and public transport workers. Others were less so: cleaners, supermarket staff, delivery drivers, and agricultural workers – many of whom have low pay and low status, and are also largely invisible to the public. One silver lining from the crisis is that their worth, and our dependency on them, is now made evident. Governments are asking these people to keep going to work, often on crowded public transport, to maintain the infrastructure of society, risking their own health to do so. These are often the same governments that, in normal times, have sought to reduce labour protections and encourage a flexible, casual and precarious work life for many people. At policy level, governments must introduce better legislation to protect workers in such situations, and leaders of organisations should pay liveable wages and provide a much higher appreciation for these workers, and not let them drift back into invisibility when the crisis is over.
  1. Employees can and do adapt, but managers have to recognise this through greater transparency and more supportive policies.
    A traditional mantra of businesses is that change is difficult and often very slow. What we have seen from the crisis is that change is indeed very difficult and a huge cause of anxiety, but many people are quick to adapt and are remarkably resilient. If people have enough information from credible sources, they will make plans and readjust. They will find new ways to do things and to collaborate with different people and technologies. Managers have to help people cope with the changes by providing open and frequent communication, with regular check-ins and progress updates. Managers also need to reassure employees on fundamental issues of job security and pay. The crisis has seen many companies implement layoffs and as the lockdown continues this uncertainty grows. Managers must be candid with staff about the options being explored and to give staff a voice in major decisions of this nature. The same is true of pay: many employees are being asked to defer payments, have their bonuses frozen, or agree to take unpaid leave. All this has huge implications for employees. Managers have to give transparency, candour and involvement, in order to allow employees to maintain their adaptability and motivation.
  1. Leaders need to listen, show “deliberate calm” and demonstrate compassion; such leadership traits will be remembered long after the current crisis abates.
    As the crisis has deepened, leaders are facing huge pressures. Making decisions about how to continue, how to acquire and allocate resources, what do with fierce cutbacks in demand, how to deal with the lack of liquidity in the organisation – all this produces great stress on individuals. The traditional demand of leadership is to reduce uncertainty. Employees want certainty and a clear plan, but in the current context, there cannot really be a defined response. What leaders can do is demonstrate “deliberate calm”, detach a bit from the chaos, and reflect and assess clearly how they will steer a path forward. In addition, the leader has to rely on others to help make choices, and not just with the senior team. Reaching out to all staff, or embracing a “team-of-teams” approach to get the best opinions from across the organisation, would reduce the burden and also generate more options. Above all, leaders have to show empathy. They are in a position to determine the future of the organisation and the lives of its employees. Listening, compassion, and care for staff is essential and will be long remembered when the crisis abates.

How to protect your mental health

Coronavirus has plunged the world into uncertainty and the constant news about the pandemic can feel relentless. All of this is taking its toll on people’s mental health, particularly those already living with conditions like anxiety and OCD. So how can we protect our mental health?

Being concerned about the news is understandable, but for many people it can make existing mental health problems worse.

When the World Health Organization released advice on protecting your mental health during the coronavirus outbreak, it was welcomed on social media.

The fear of being out of control and unable to tolerate uncertainty are common characteristics of many anxiety disorders. So it’s understandable that many individuals with pre-existing anxiety are facing challenges at the moment. A lot of anxiety is rooted in worrying about the unknown and waiting for something to happen – coronavirus is that on a macro scale.

Limit the news and be careful what you read

Reading lots of news about coronavirus has led to panic attacks. When I’m feeling anxious my thoughts can spiral out of control and I start thinking about catastrophic outcomes,” he says. Nick is worried about his parents and other older people he knows.

Usually when I suffer I can walk away from a situation. This is out of my control.

Having long periods away from news websites and social media has helped him to manage his anxiety. He has also found support helplines, run by mental health charities such as AnxietyUK, useful.

  • Limit the amount of time you spend reading or watching things which aren’t making you feel better. Perhaps decide on a specific time to check in with the news
  • There is a lot of misinformation swirling around – stay informed by sticking to trusted sources of information such as government and NHS websites

Have breaks from social media and mute things which are triggering.

  • Mute key words which might be triggering on Twitter and unfollow or mute accounts
  • Mute WhatsApp groups and hide Facebook posts and feeds if you find them too overwhelming

Wash your hands – but not excessively

Fear of contamination leads to obsessive compulsive disorder. I’m sticking to the advice really rigidly but it’s hard, considering that for me, soap and sanitiser used to be something comparable to an addiction.

Stay connected with people

Increasing numbers will join those already in self-isolation so now might be a good time to make sure you have the right phone numbers and email addresses of the people you care about.

If you’re self-isolating, strike a balance between having a routine and making sure each day has some variety.

Avoid burnout

With weeks and months of the coronavirus pandemic ahead, it is important to have down time. Mind recommends continuing to access nature and sunlight wherever possible. Do exercise, eat well and stay hydrated.

Follow Apple technique –

  • Acknowledge: Notice and acknowledge the uncertainty as it comes to mind.
  • Pause: Don’t react as you normally do. Don’t react at all. Pause and breathe.
  • Pull back: Tell yourself this is just the worry talking, and this apparent need for certainty is not helpful and not necessary. It is only a thought or feeling. Don’t believe everything you think. Thoughts are not statements or facts.
  • Let go: Let go of the thought or feeling. It will pass. You don’t have to respond to them. You might imagine them floating away in a bubble or cloud.
  • Explore: Explore the present moment, because right now, in this moment, all is well. Notice your breathing and the sensations of your breathing. Notice the ground beneath you. Look around and notice what you see, what you hear, what you can touch, what you can smell. Right now. Then shift your focus of attention to something else – on what you need to do, on what you were doing before you noticed the worry, or do something else – mindfully with your full attention.

Media demonises Muslims deliberately?

Hour-long, high-pitched ‘debates’ at prime time

Inflammatory visuals

Captions, using half-truths, insinuations and lies,  pour venom against Muslims and seek to divide Hindus and Muslims.

New terms coined …’land jihad’, love jihad, both Hindu and Muslim VIPs figured in the scam, but because 90% of the encroachers were Muslim, the scam was portrayed as a conspiracy to change the demography of Hindu-majority Jammu at the behest of Pakistan, so that its jihadis could cross over the border easily.

From the 8th century invasion of Sind by Mohammed Bin Qasim to Shaheen Bagh and the Delhi riots — all were portrayed as part of the same jihad.

The I and B ministry recently used a rule of the Cable TV Network Act to ban two Malayalam news channels for 48 hours for their ‘biased’ coverage of the Delhi riots (the ban was hastily revoked). The rule forbids programmes from promoting communal attitudes.


War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength.”

Chinese state and its leadership(Chinese Communist Party – CCP) are getting uneasy at the pace of progress of their global dominance and how the world is reacting to it. They firmly believe that history repeats itself. In their zeal to take China to its lost glory, they are ready to use every means available at their disposal, and they are unable to hide that desire from the world. Public opinion and perception are a very important part of this exercise. Leaders of the counties look for tools and China has found one – Information Warfare(IW). With the advent of the internet age, which has expanded its scope exponentially in the last ten years, it is getting scary, what all can be achieved by individuals and countries like China. It is using this tool externally and internally very effectively. Clueless ordinary citizens, oblivious of the hidden agenda keep justifying for the same leadership and country in the name of patriotism. George Orwell must be turning in his grave, looking at how Chinese leadership has rewritten ‘Orwellian World’.

Sun Tzu, the Chinese general, military strategist, and philosopher who is credited as the author of the famous book ‘The Art of War’, states:s “For to win one hundred victories in one hundred battles is not the acme of skill. To subdue the enemy without fighting is the acme of skill. Hence to fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy’s resistance without fighting”. CCP is working overtime to make this ancient quote into reality. They are working on a concept called ‘Three Warfare’. This includes – ‘Public Opinion Warfare’, ‘Legal Warfare’ and ‘Psychological Warfare’.


When anyone knows your past, they can influence your future”

Psychological warfare is integral part of IW. Chinese call IW – ‘xinxi zhanzheng’ and they are aiming for total dominance in this area, calling it – ‘zhi xinxi quan’. 

Information warfare depends upon how fast one gathers data, assimilates it, converts or falsifies it, and retransmit it before the opponents get their wits about it. This includes two components, modern information technology, and age old human component. Information technology consists of hardware and software. A chip serves as the brain of a computer, smartphone and now the latest, Internet of Thing(IoT). China wants to dominate this industry for obvious reasons and that can be gathered from the nervousness in the western world. China is scrambling to buy the world’s biggest of the chip-making companies by hook or by crook. Out of 50 largest chip-making companies, China owns 10. China exports 48% of the worlds mobile phones. They also export 40.9% of world’s computer devices. They are trying to outdo every competition in cellphone tower business. And now one can see same desperation in cellphone 5G dominance. One may argue that every country has its right to do business under WTO. If it was a simple business, then well and good, but here something nefarious is going on.

What you are about to read about Chinese hardware and software, no government would tell you, for various reasons best known to them. ‘Citizen Lab’ at the University of Toronto gives us a glimpse into that dark reality. As per their findings the Chinese government is not only monitoring their own people but a great deal more beyond their borders. Any browser/application used on a smartphone, laptop or a tablet made in China transmits back to host server, details like hard drive serial number, GPS coordinates of the user, user search terms, websites visited and details of the wireless network being used. While downloading free applications we never realize that they come with ‘Software Development Kits’(SDKs). These SDKs have just about entered in every household and office environment keeping a close tab on our every activity. All the above activities have one aim, collect data. Now, this is a great deal of data, and how they intend using it, is not clear. But surely if they want to keep track of a specific person or organization, it becomes very easy.

CPC and PLA work on many fronts simultaneously and on a long-term basis. To further their agenda to tighten grip on Chinese citizens and to spread disinformation internationally. And they have conceived some very powerful and effective tools for that purpose.

Great Firewall of China

Every system big or small has its own firewall to safeguard itself from intrusion. China devised one for the whole country. The “Great Firewall,” China’s digital censorship technology, summons up images of an impenetrable fortress. It sits on the side and looks for keywords. The firewall blocks foreign news, search engines, content that is objectionable like sex or religion and social media, creating a buffer against information that goes against the party line. Chinese populace is very cut up with this crackdown and often joke about their own country. The phrases “strong nation” and “wall nation” share a phonetic pronunciation in Chinese (qiangguo), some began using the phrase “wall nation” to refer to China. While very effective, the Firewall is not an offensive weapon. People were able to dodge firewall using VPN and application ‘Psiphon’. So the agenda of the Great Firewall was further expanded by Great Cannon.

Great Cannon 

The Great Cannon is slightly different from the Great Firewall. It acts as Man-in-the-middle(MITM). It intercepts traffic en route, changes the content or redirects it to fake information. MITM injects and fires off code along with the content to the user seeking information. This code is capable of changing the content, block any subsequent traffic to the site or just clog up the website so as to deny the information requested. Whoever designed the Great Cannon created a deliberately offensive tool, designed to selectively replace benign web content with malicious content.

Golden Shield 

The Great Firewall and Great Cannon can restrict and deny information but do not keep track of the users. This task is achieved by ‘Golden Shield’. It’s a gigantic national database encompassing surveillance, speech and facial recognition, closed-circuit television, smart cards, credit cards,  and internet surveillance technologies. All these three manage information that enters and leaves China. As we discussed earlier, China treats everything as a war and fights it unabashedly on many fronts. So it just doesn’t stop at manipulating available information but injects its own propaganda and fake news from time to time.

Chinese Propaganda Machine

“Making the Foreign Serve China” was one of Chairman Mao’s favoured strategies, as epitomised by his decision to grant access in the 1930s to the American journalist Edgar Snow. The resulting book, ‘Red Star Over China’, was instrumental in winning western sympathy for the Communists, whom it depicted as progressive and anti-fascist. This was not the first or last instance of the Chinese propaganda machine, playing the victim. They have become adept and masters of psychological games. When it suits them they are victims or else they project themselves future world power. Beijing is seeking to shift the global centre of gravity eastwards, propagating the idea of a new world order with a resurgent China at its centre.

YouTube is another tool being used by China to spread disinformation and fear.

Above is the 2:28 minute video, released on August 1, 2018 for China’s Army Day, emotionally underscoring the sacrifices made by service members of the PLA while showing off some of the country’s latest weaponry. At one point in the propaganda video, the narrator says “peace behind me, war in front of me,” which could be interpreted to mean war is “inevitable”. Propaganda tape is a clear-cut threat and challenge to China’s neighbors in keeping with China’s long-term goal.

In India, the Chinese app Helo was found displaying false quotes or graphic images designed to provoke outrage along religious lines, manipulating the longstanding tensions between Hindus and Muslims in the country. India has seen a rise of violent incidents caused by fake news leading the Indian government to threaten to cancel the journalist’s accreditations, if they are found guilty of writing fake news. China has also been accused of inciting military personal using WhatsApp and Telegram messaging Apps, against both military and civilian leadership on subjects plaguing those organizations.

In parallel, a series of fake news campaigns have captured Taiwanese media, with experts tracing several of these stories back to China. Various media outlets, including Chinese dissident media outlet Mingjing, referred to a leaked document from Chinese authorities affirming that Beijing had launched an information war, using disinformation, online harassment and trolling campaigns to manipulate public opinions in Taiwan. China is planting such fake news not only using the internet but every means available at its disposal.

Radio, TV and Print Media

China is deeply involved in the fourth state businesses around the globe following top-down imprimatur from president Xi Jinping to “tell China’s story” to the world. Within the last few weeks, China has leaped into the front ranks of global media by launching its ‘Voice of China’ super-network. With over 14,000 journalists and staff employees, this Asian blitzkrieg in the information war is deployed to neutralize American influence and spread disinformation on every continent. It is pushing to buy newspapers across the globe, and where it is not able to do so outright, it is taking the route of inserts. Cash-strapped newspapers are more than happy to help out China in spreading disinformation while helping themselves. China has spent a whopping $6.8 billion on this disinformation exercise called da waixuan (大外宣), or ‘grand foreign propaganda’.

Way Forward 

A Harvard study showed that the Chinese government fabricates as many as 488 million fake posts on Chinese social media annually. A more recent study analyzed 50 million comments on Chinese news sites, only to find that one-sixth of them were fabricated. Needless to say, the size and sophistication of China’s Internet management is unprecedented in the world history. Would this propaganda by Chinese government continue unabated? The answer is ‘NO’. Some of the independent Chinese intelligentsias have gone on their own accord on this difficult path. One of them is a Shanghai-based website ‘Sixth Tone’, promoted by Wei Xing. This has caught the attention of major international publications such as the New York Times and Foreign Policy. And inevitably, this relatively new online publication has raised the question of how far it can go in challenging the sophisticated Chinese censors. There is a reason why this new publication is called Sixth Tone. According to its founding editor, Mandarin Chinese consists of five tones. This publication aspires to go beyond the existing tones of news on China, providing a fresh and imaginative perspective for readers in English. Mainstream outlets such as the BBC often cite Sixth Tone as their source when reporting on Chinese social stories. How long this kind of reporting would be accepted by the central leadership is going to be an interesting wait-and-watch game for all the people who follow China.

‘Soft-Power’ is not a China thing and time is not ripe for ‘Hard-Power’, therefore China is using a different approach: ‘Sharp Power’, a term coined by Christopher Walker and Jessica Ludwig of the ‘National Endowment for Democracy’. Sharp Power, which is neither hard nor soft power, has the effect of limiting free expression and distorting the political environment. It is sharp in that it seeks to pierce or penetrate the political and information environments of targeted countries. China’s employment of direct propaganda and disinformation, according to RAND Corporationc, are likely to challenge liberal democratic values. China’s burgeoning power is already intensifying competition with the United States for leadership and influence within the international system. However, China would do the biggest harm to itself and its economy if it kills the internet, while toeingt the line of CPC, PLA and the criminal minded Chinese internet Mafia.

Almost every person eminent or commoner, with whom I interacted, displayed trepidation, thinking of a day when China would control the internet and every other media, using ‘Great Firewall’, ‘Great Cannon’, ‘Golden Shield’, and ‘CGTN’(CCTV) around the globe. They detested the idea of China controlling their laptop & mobile phone’s data, spying through the CCTVs outside their home, and webcams of all their smart equipment inside their home. They shuddered at the idea of living in an ‘Orwellian World’.

Question is “for how long and why should we accept this behavior”? Time has come for the collegial world powers to coalesce and eradicate such behavior while countervailing the perpetrators of these noxious activities.

Attack against the Constitution

 I really do not understand why these students should launch attack against the Constitution, against Gandhiji, against the Left and Congress regimes or even the Hindutva regime.
I keep praying that some day in the near future education will lead young and impressionable minds to mend your ways and it will help you change your worldview.
Grow with your own thoughts of sensitivity and positivism. Some academics, academic-politicians and others kept indulging and encouraging youngsters, to help them develop certitudes about ideational misadventures. To me, they have contributed to your ruin.

University students keep experimenting with adventures and misadventures, with ideas, and many settle down with certain conclusions about their worldview by the time they reach their 30s. These (mis)adventures of ideas are hardly taken as errant behaviour or as deviance. These are taken as journeys in the realm of ideas. I had hoped that with patience, in course of time, you would evolve as a curious learner to look into all these multi-layered historical dimensions, rather than playing exclusionary politics upon Hindu or Muslim victimhood.

In the name of identity assertion, this Islamist fringe group asserted its politics into the anti-NRC protests. This partial overlap of identity assertion and right-wing Islamism made many people apprehensive and cautious about endorsing such a move, even though they did agree with the identity assertion. While many academics have been raising objections to certain provisions of the Constitution, counted few (including Sharjeel Imam) declared the whole text to be a fascist one! To me, many of these remarks are either condemnable/deplorable or debatable, or both.

But we all know, and people all over (worldview) know even better, that a majoritarian State ( globally ) is always looking for a Muslim in India to prove him/her a seditious fifth columnist. A desperate current regime, having been cornered and exposed for its blatantly discriminatory citizenship law, was frantically looking for someone like Sharjeel Imam as a scapegoat to declare all the protests across India to be unpatriotic, run by fifth columnists.

The crowd (that resorting to violence and non democratic moves) that impedes the ongoing protests against the NRC makes everyone further suspicious about your intent and credentials. The State has slapped sedition charges against many, an archaic colonial law, a lethal weapon in the hands of the State to go on a selective witch-hunt against dissenters. In my considered opinion, it is disproportionate victimisation. A Pragya Thakur, praising Gandhiji’s killer Godse, a Puja Pandey (of the Hindu Mahasabha who shot at Gandhiji’s effigy in Aligarh), a Giriraj Singh, pouring out hate-filled, divisive, remarks day in and day out and many more of the Hindutva brigade are not only left off, some of them go on to win election after election.

Muslims on the path of violence ( stones in hands / provocation through hate speech) can’t be let off for bearing a Muslim name. You (many Waris Pathans / Sharjeel Imams), being an aspirant political trader of Muslim victimisation, know the discriminatory practices better than most of us do. I would urge you not only to give up right-wing Islamism, but also to stand up to resist all kinds of chauvinists across communities. Need I remind you that they feed upon each other? This is what makes me worried as a citizen of India who at the moment is scared and dreads the regime and its ways.

Mohan Bhagwat & Nationalism – Perspective

This is how Mohan Bhagwat should see nationalism – perspective

Mohan Bhagwat has now come to know that nationalism is considered a dangerous and dubious idea all over the world because it has linked the names of leaders like Hitler and Mussolini who have brutally murdered millions on the basis of religious and racial identities.

If Mohan Bhagwat examines the history of Europe from which this nationalism has come out, then he will find that in the name of nationalism, there are more scary and humiliating crimes registered but need not go far, they also history of British in India. can see.

The British were very proud of their nationalism. He used to say that the sun of the British Empire never sets in the world, but a socialist writer of the same rule, Ernest Jones, said that ‘the rivers of blood never dried up in this rule’.

If you want, you can remember Jallianwala Bagh. Anyway, this is the hundredth anniversary of that heinous massacre. On that day General Dyer had gunned down a large number of innocent Indians with bullets. Dyer had no personal enmity with Indians, he was simply a representation of British nationalism. See his statement given in front of the commission of inquiry. That is the statement of a staunch patriot.

Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore recognized this fatal form of nationalism from his experiences in Europe and Japan apart from India. Tagore was no ordinary man. He will probably be the only poet in the world whose poems have been accepted as national anthem in two countries. Apart from India, the national anthem of Bangladesh is also from Tagore, but Tagore was a great critic of nationalism.

He wrote a letter to a friend that he would never replace the diamond of humanity with the glass of nationalism. Apart from this, he wrote in another place that nationalism is the most powerful man made by man (anesthesia).

In fact, people who have seen the result of nationalism in the nineteenth-twentieth centuries understand very well how humans are transformed into weapons, machines of violence in the name of the nation. But this tough criticism of nationalism raises a difficult question.

Difference between nationalism and national love –

Don’t we need nationalism? Is everything we learned in the name of the country a lie? Is our country, our flag, our anthem, our patriot all meaningless or inhuman?

The need to understand is at this point. Be it country, religion or all such institutions, they are all man-made, made for the good of humans. In the name of the country, talks of killing in wars can create excitement but do no good to anyone. And at a time when there is no war, a war-like atmosphere can be created in the name of the country and its citizens can be pitted against each other, this is the biggest danger of nationalism.

Well-known Italian writer and philosopher Umberto Eco recalled in his age-old article how Mussolini’s nationalist speeches overwhelmed those in childhood and how he won awards by writing articles on the idea of dying for the country. . Echo has written that later they paid the consequences of this nationalism.

In the same article, Echo explains that by listening to the speech of the commander who defeated Mussolini, he learned that ‘Freedom of speech’ means ‘Freedom from Retoric’ – that is, freedom from verbiage.

Actually, nationalism also needs to be freed from rhetoric. It is necessary to understand that in Europe nationalism has developed in alliance with imperialism, the issue of identity of the ruling class has been too big to rule the colonies, so there the nations were formed and divided on the basis of religion and race. After fighting two World Wars and laying nine crore corpses, Europe understood that this policy of distribution is meaningless and that nationalism is fatal.

But in India, during the fight for patriotism or patriotic freedom, it was developing under the leadership of Gandhi, it was developing from the legacy of a thousand years of shared life. It had full scope for many languages, rituals, customs, food and styles.

Of course, even at that time there were nationalists who were studying nationalism from Europe and considering it as a Hindu nation, such people used to be ridiculed in Gandhi’s movement. It is not involuntary that this second stream of nationalism either gave up fighting the British or colluded with them.

On the other hand, the idea of taking everyone along was singing medieval hymns, eating sticks on the back, fasting and making a constitution in which everyone dreams of equality.

The current danger of nationalism

Today that dream is in danger An extreme idea of ​​nationalism is being imposed on those citizens who are probably the most helpless and who need the most help. This nationalism is asserting its claim on the whole concept of the country and calling itself a lonely patriot.

If Mohan Bhagwat really comes out to understand nationalism, then he will have to understand the difference between nationalism and national love, separate blind patriotism and liberal patriotism. Because of not understanding this difference, all kinds of corrupt people, who are causing harm to the country, are not wandering around becoming devotees, but they are calling all those people who are angry with power for some reason or more patriotic. Advocates to see from a liberal perspective.

If you want, Mohan Bhagwat can also remember that countries are made again and again. In Jaishankar Prasad’s play Chandragupta, Chanakya says- ‘Was the organization of the nation’s cool shadow done by humans? So much torture in Magadha! Will destroy you or make you anew. ‘

Chanakya may have been a traitor in the eyes of the tyrannical Nanda who ruled Magadha, but he was a patriot for the Magadha. Had it not been a patriot, Chandragupta would not have been. But Nanda was trying to put Chanakya and his father in the blind well of nationalism.

There is no doubt that patriotism is an important concept, but before this love one has to understand what the country is, what people it is made of, and why there is such disappointment within it that for some people it seems alien to them. is? If we consider it seriously, we will find that our patriotism needs to be somewhat liberal.

Nationalism is the salt of collective life. If it is not, then this collectivity becomes tasteless, but if it becomes too much salt then it becomes poison. This salt of nationalism has become so much in our public life that it has turned into poison. Now we have to decide how we want the common stove of India.

Freedom of Rhetoric

Freedom of Speech has to be Freedom of Rhetoric (शब्दाडंबर से मुक्ति ).

राष्ट्रवाद को दुनिया भर में एक ख़तरनाक और संदिग्ध विचार माना जाता है क्योंकि इससे हिटलर और मुसोलिनी जैसे उन नेताओं के नाम जुड़े हैं जिन्होंने धार्मिक और नस्ली पहचानों के आधार पर लाखों लोगों का बेरहमी से क़त्ल करवाया.

जिस यूरोप से यह राष्ट्रवाद निकला है उसके इतिहास को थोड़ा और खंगालेंगे तो वे पाएंगे कि राष्ट्रवाद के नाम पर और भी डरावने और मनुष्यता को लज्जित करने वाले अपराध दर्ज हैं बल्कि उतना दूर जाने की ज़रूरत नहीं, वे भारत में अंग्रेजों का इतिहास भी देख सकते हैं.

अंग्रेज़ों को अपने राष्ट्रवाद पर बहुत गर्व था. वे कहा करते थे कि ब्रिटिश साम्राज्य का सूरज दुनिया में कभी डूबता नहीं है लेकिन इस राज में ख़ून की नदियां भी कभी नहीं सूखती थीं. चाहें तो जालियांवाला बाग़ को याद कर सकते हैं. वैसे भी यह उस जघन्य नरसंहार की सौवीं बरसी है. उस दिन जनरल डायर ने बड़ी तादाद में मासूम भारतीयों को गोलियों से भून दिया था.‌ डायर की भारतीयों से कोई निजी दुश्मनी नहीं थी, वह बस ब्रिटिश राष्ट्रवाद का नुमाइंदा था. जांच आयोग के सामने दिया गया उसका बयान देखें. वह एक पक्के देशभक्त का बयान है.

राष्ट्रवाद मनुष्य का बनाया सबसे ताक़तवर एनिस्थीसिया (बेहोशी की दवा) है. दरअसल, जिन लोगों ने उन्नीसवीं-बीसवीं सदियों में राष्ट्रवाद का नतीजा देखा है, वे अच्छी तरह समझते हैं कि राष्ट्र के नाम पर मनुष्यों को कैसे हथियारों में, हिंसा की मशीनों में बदला जाता है. लेकिन राष्ट्रवाद की इस सख्त आलोचना से एक मुश्किल सवाल हमारे सामने आ खड़ा होता है.

राष्ट्रवाद और राष्ट्रप्रेम का अंतर

क्या हमें राष्ट्रवाद नहीं चाहिए? क्या देश के नाम पर हमने जो कुछ सीखा है, वह सब कुछ झूठ है? क्या हमारा देश, हमारा ध्वज, हमारा गान, हमारा देशप्रेम सब बेमानी या अमानवीय हैं?

समझने की ज़रूरत दरअसल इसी मोड़ पर है. देश हो, धर्म हो या ऐसी जितनी भी संस्थाएं हों, वे सब मनुष्य निर्मित हैं, मनुष्यों की भलाई के लिए बने हैं. देश के नाम पर युद्धों में मरने-मारने की बातें उत्तेजना पैदा कर सकती हैं लेकिन किसी का भला नहीं करतीं. और ऐसे वक्त में जब कहीं कोई युद्ध न हो तो देश के नाम पर युद्ध जैसा माहौल तैयार किया जा सकता है और उसके नागरिकों को एक-दूसरे के ख़िलाफ़ खड़ा किया जा सकता है, यही राष्ट्रवाद का सबसे बड़ा ख़तरा है.

जाने-माने इतालवी लेखक और दार्शनिक उंबेर्तो इको ने बरसों पुराने अपने लेख में याद किया था कि कैसे मुसोलिनी के राष्ट्रवादी भाषण बचपन में उन लोगों को अभिभूत करते थे और किस तरह वे देश के लिए जान देने के ख़याल पर लेख लिखकर पुरस्कार जीता करते थे. इको ने लिखा है कि बाद में उन लोगों ने इस राष्ट्रवाद के नतीजे भुगते.

दरअसल, राष्ट्रवाद को भी शब्दाडंबर से मुक्त करने की ज़रूरत है. यह समझने की ज़रूरत है कि यूरोप में राष्ट्रवाद साम्राज्यवाद से गठजोड़ करता हुआ विकसित हुआ है, वहां उपनिवेशों पर शासन के लिए शासक वर्ग की पहचान का मसला बहुत बड़ा रहा है इसलिए वहां राष्ट्र धर्म और नस्ल के आधार पर बनते और बंटते रहे. दो-दो विश्वयुद्ध लड़ लेने और नौ करोड़ लाशें बिछा देने के बाद यूरोप की समझ में आया कि यह बाँटने की नीति बेमानी है और यह राष्ट्रवाद घातक है.

लेकिन भारत में जो राष्ट्रप्रेम या देशभक्ति आज़ादी की लड़ाई के दौरान गांधी के नेतृत्व में विकसित हो रहा था वह‌ हज़ार साल के साझा जीवन की विरासत से विकसित हो रहा था. उसमें कई सभी भाषाओं, पूजा पद्धतियों, रीति-रिवाजों, खान-पान और पहनावों की पूरी गुंजाइश थी.

बेशक उस दौर में भी ऐसे राष्ट्रवादी थे जो यूरोप से राष्ट्रवाद पढ़ रहे थे और इस आधार पर इसे हिंदू राष्ट्र मान बैठे थे, ऐसे लोगों को गांधी के आंदोलन में लाठियाँ खा रहे लोग उपहास के पात्र लगते थे. यह अनायास नहीं है कि राष्ट्रवाद की इस दूसरी धारा ने या तो अंग्रेजों से लड़ना छोड़ दिया या फिर उनसे सांठगांठ कर ली.‌‌‌‌

दूसरी तरफ़, सबको साथ लेकर चलने वाला विचार मध्यकाल के भजन गाता रहा, पीठ पर लाठी खाता रहा, उपवास करता रहा और वह संविधान बनाता रहा जिसमें सबके लिए बराबरी का सपना है.

राष्ट्रवाद का मौजूदा ख़तरा

आज वह सपना ख़तरे में है. राष्ट्रवाद के एक अतिवादी विचार को उन नागरिकों पर थोपा जा रहा है जो शायद सबसे असहाय हैं और जिन्हें सबसे ज़्यादा मदद चाहिए. यह राष्ट्रवाद देश की पूरी अवधारणा पर अपना दावा ठोक रहा है और ख़ुद को अकेला देशभक्त बता रहा है.

 राष्ट्रवाद और राष्ट्रप्रेम के बीच का अंतर –

अंधी देशभक्ति और उदार देशप्रेम को अलग-अलग करना होगा. इस अंतर को न समझने की वजह से ही तमाम तरह के भ्रष्ट लोग, देश को नुक़सान पहुंचाने वाले देश भक्त बने ही घूम नहीं रहे, बल्कि वे उन तमाम लोगों को देशद्रोही बता रहे हैं जो किन्हीं वजहों से सत्ता से नाराज़ हैं या देशप्रेम को ज़्यादा उदार नज़रियों से देखने की वकालत करते हैं. देशों को बार-बार बनाया जाता है.

जयशंकर प्रसाद के नाटक चंद्रगुप्त में चाणक्य कहता है- ‘क्या राष्ट्र की शीतल छाया का संगठन मनुष्य ने इसलिए किया था? मगध में इतना अत्याचार! तुझे नष्ट कर दूंगा या नए सिरे से बनाऊंगा.’

चाणक्य मगध पर शासन कर रहे अत्याचारी नंद की निगाह में भले देशद्रोही रहे हों लेकिन वह मगधवासियों के लिए देशभक्त थे. ऐसा देशभक्त न होता तो चंद्रगुप्त न होता. लेकिन चाणक्य को और उनके पिता को नंद राष्ट्रवाद के अंधे कुएं में डालने की कोशिश कर रहा था.

इसमें संदेह नहीं कि देशप्रेम एक ज़रूरी अवधारणा है लेकिन इस प्रेम से पहले समझना होगा कि देश क्या है, वह किन लोगों से बनता है‌ और क्यों उसके भीतर कभी-कभी ऐसी निराशा घर कर जाती है कि कुछ लोगों के लिए वह पराया मालूम पड़ने लगता है? इस बात पर गंभीरता से विचार करेंगे तो पाएंगे कि हमारी देशभक्ति को कुछ उदार होने की ज़रूरत है.

राष्ट्रवाद सामूहिक जीवन का नमक है. वह ना हो तो यह सामूहिकता बेस्वाद हो जाए लेकिन नमक ज़्यादा हो जाए तो वह ज़हर हो जाता है. हमारे सार्वजनिक जीवन में राष्ट्रवाद का यह नमक वाक़ई इतना ज़्यादा हो गया है कि वह ज़हर में बदल गया है. अब हमें यह तय करना होगा कि हम हिंदुस्तान का सांझा चूल्हा कैसा चाहते हैं.

SC – जनहित याचिका की आढ़ मैं मोदी सरकार को गिराने का खेल खेला गया

हिंदुस्तान में सुप्रीम कोर्ट तक जनहित याचिका की आढ़ मैं तत्कालीन मोदी सरकार को गिराने का खेल खेला गया , मिलिए इन गुजराती साहब से जो इस कारनामे के महान खिलाड़ी हैं.


आगे के सवाल ये हैं जिनके उत्तर मिलते जायेंगे